Q: Need help with Chicago style?


Note: Chicago style citations come in two variations, Notes and Bibliography or Author/Date. If you are unsure of what variation you are meant to use, check with your instructor, or review other academic work in your discipline to see what the standard is.

Note: This quick guide is on the Author/Date variation. To get to Notes and Bibliography, click here.

In-text citations when using the Author/Date variation are more simple than the Notes/Bibliography option, and are similar to other non-Chicago citation styles. To cite in-text using Author/Date you will typically look like: (Author Last Year, Page numbers).

When creating a Chicago Style reference list using Author/Date, title the section "References" in centered, plain text. All reference entries should be formatted with a hanging indent and listed in alphabetical order.

When referencing a book:

Author Last, Author First. Year. Title. Publisher City: Publisher.


Levy, Ariel. 2005. Female Chauvinist Pigs: Women and the Rise of Raunch Culture. New York: Simon and Schuster.

When referencing an ebook:

Author Last, Author First. Year. Title. Publisher City. Publisher. URL or Database accessed from.


McHugh, Peter, Bonner, Kieran and Raffel, Stanley. 2019. Redefining the Situation : The Writings of Peter McHugh. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press. Ebscohost.

When referencing a journal article:

Author Last, Author First. Year. "Article Title." Journal Name Volume, no. # (#=issue) (month): Page range of referenced article.


Jones, Colin. “French Crossings IV: Vagaries of Passion and Power in Enlightenment Paris.” Transactions of the Royal Historical Society 23 (2013): 3–35.


Note: that this guide is meant for quick reference and by no means covers every citation need you may have. If you need more assistance, check our Writing and Citation Guides, and always feel free to get help.

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